The BTSF Training Programme on PPP evaluation: Toxicological risk assessment (human health) overall objectives are:
- At the end the trainee should be improved in his/her cognitive skills, knowledge and comprehension of the difference between hazard and risk and the general rules for the risk evaluation.
- At the end the trainee knows aspects related either to the assessment evaluation process of chemicals then the management requirements.
The course addresses the following topics:
- General approaches to risks evaluation. Difference between hazard and risk and the risk assessment evaluation approach: effects evaluation, exposure assessment, the significance of the relationship between effects and exposure, the importance of risk characterization.
- General approaches to defining end points and other criteria related to intrinsic characteristic of the active ingredients and the dose that could express an effect on human.
- General approaches to defining the chemical and physical characteristic leading an understanding of the fate and behaviour of a pesticide active ingredient and the movement of a chemicals and to predict a concentration (exposure) in different environmental compartments after its distribution.
- The differences between Point Source Contamination and Diffuse Source Contamination.
- The EU legislative framework on pesticide risk evaluation and sustainability including the pesticide package, information on IPM and the different methodologies available and the link with other regulations as the WFD (the Directive 2000/60/EC).
- An analysis and exchange on risk assessment methodologies applied at national level for the assessment of plant protection products and authorizations process will be performed.
- Participants will be asked, after the confirmation of the course participation, to respond to a questionnaire prepared by the trainers’ staff, on this subject in order to share the data that will emerge and discuss the differences between the various approaches, and the limit of harmonization.
- Human exposure evaluation and mitigation measure for different target.
- Option to refine the modelling assumptions from conservative default parameters to more realistic conditions.
- General approaches for Consumer risk exposure assessment, current state of knowledge and tools.
- General approaches for occupational exposure assessment to pesticides, current state of knowledge and outlook for prevention and protection including Pesticide Protection Equipment. Evaluation of different sources of exposure and procedures for the legal and safe:
- Storage and handling of plant protection products, the preparation of the mixture, washing of containers and equipment after treatment, disposal of wastewater and packaging, following the “on farm life circle management” and the MagPie toolbox of measure where available.
- General approach on non-occupational exposure. As a consequence of the Sustainable Use Directive, Member States are required to develop specific measures to minimize also non-occupational exposure to pesticides others than consumer. The EFSA model and the recent Scientific Opinion of the PPR Panel on the follow-up of the findings of the External Scientific Report “Literature review of epidemiological studies linking exposure to pesticides and health effects” will be presented and discussed.
- Pesticide label reading and label mitigation measure evaluation, safe and risk phrases.
- Official control activities.
- Risk assessors.
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