PPP evaluation: Assessment of the environmental fate and behavior of plant protection products in soil, water and air
- The purpose of the program is aimed to the provision of training and knowledge on the topics required under Directive 2009/128/EC, where Member States shall ensure that all professional users and distributors have access to appropriate training systems provided by bodies designated by the competent authorities.For this reason each course is divided in three modules: the legal requirements, the safe use and environmental aspects and sustainable use of PPPs.
The course addresses the following topics:
Module 1- General approaches to risks evaluation: difference between hazard and risk and the pesticide risk assessment evaluation approach, effects evaluation on non-target organism, exposure assessment, the significance of the relationship between effects and exposure, the importance of risk characterization.
- General approaches and current state of knowledge to defining end points and other criteria related to intrinsic characteristic of the active ingredients and the dose that could express an effect on humans and non-target organism.
- General approaches on chemical, physical characteristic that influence the fate of a chemical and current state of knowledge on multimedia fate models to define and to understand the fate and behavior of a pesticide active ingredient and to predict a concentration in soil air and water (exposure).
Module 2- The EU legislative framework on pesticide risk evaluation and sustainability including the pesticide package, information on IPM and the different methodologies available and the link with other regulations as the WFD (the Directive 2000/60/EC).
- An analysis and exchange on risk assessment methodologies applied at national level for the assessment of plant protection products and authorizations process will be performed.
- Participants will be asked, after the confirmation of the course participation, to respond to a questionnaire prepared by the trainers’ staff, on this subject in order to share the data that will emerge and discuss the differences between the various approaches, and the limit of harmonization.
Module 3 - Exposure refinement and mitigation measure applicable.
- Option to refine the modelling assumptions from conservative default parameters to more realistic conditions.
- The integration of models and geographical information systems (GIS) for a better calibration of the procedure and the validation of exposure prediction and risk assessment.
- level of risk reduction degree of the principal mitigation measure applied in risk assessment to obtain safe use and the link with MAgPie evaluation.
- Inventory of the mitigation measure in MAgPie, the evaluation of their efficacy taking into account the additional effect of more than one mitigation, the diversity of the tools developed and implemented throughout European countries, as well as the number of regulatory frameworks to which they relate or with which they may overlap.
- An analysis and exchange on the mitigation measure applicability in different context will be developed. A case study will be presented and working group will be organized to analyse different situation in different context and culture.
- Official control activities.
- Risk assessors.
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